Early Onset Scoliosis

Early onset scoliosis (EOS) is defined as a curvature of the spine greater than 10 degrees in children from birth to 10 years of age.

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Causes and risks of EOS

EOS can be caused by neuromuscular conditions, birth defects of the spine, underlying syndromes, and in some cases, the cause is unknown. Most patients have a high risk of spinal deformity progression due to the early onset of their condition when skeletal growth is remaining. When the spinal deformity crowds the space within the chest cavity, or when the chest cavity is malformed, lung growth can be impaired during a critical time of development.

Extremely progressive EOS can result in heart problems, and a life-threatening pulmonary condition known as thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS). It is important to treat EOS to avoid lifelong health complications.

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Non-Surgical Treatments

If EOS is established as a diagnosis, your physician may recommend one or more of the following treatments:

  • Observation
  • Bracing
  • Casting

Your doctor can discuss recommended treatment options based on your child’s individual needs.

Surgical Procedures

If EOS is established as a diagnosis and has progressed (or is at risk of progressing) to a severe state, your surgeon may recommend surgical intervention using one of the following:

  • MAGEC system
  • Distraction-based implants
  • Guided growth implants
  • Compression-based implants
  • Definitive fusion implants

For more information on early-onset scoliosis, please visit the Scoliosis Research Society.

Visit the Scoliosis Research Society